Nature parks are areas protected due to their unique landscape, diverse ecosystems and valuable for their tourist and leisure attractions or the function of a wildlife corridor.
Szprotawa Forest District includes fragments of 5 nature parks. The nature parks are:
„Dolina Bobru" (Bóbr Valley) – it is a wildlife corridor of national importance with area of 13 131 ha (including 2616 ha within Szprotawa Forest District). The park includes 3 communes: Żagań, Małomice and Szprotawa. Most of its area is covered by "Park Słowiański" Landscape Nature Protected Area valued for its exceptional scenic beauty. The area is protected to preserve the landscape of Bóbr Urstromtal, the area of exceptional natural and scenic values.
„Wzgórza Dalkowskie" (Dalkowskie Hills) – the hills stretch out for 100 km between Żarskie Hills in the west and Ścinawska Depression in the east. The area is adjacent to Głogowska Urstromtal in the north and Szprotawska Plain and Lubińska High Plain in the south. The area is barely forested but has some sparse mixed forests including Pine and Oak, with tree stands including Beech, Oak, Pine, Ash, Spruce, Alder and Birch located mainly on hills.
„Dolina Brzeźnicy" (Brzeźnica Valley) – the park is located in Brzeźnica commune and covers the area of 2542 ha, including 435 ha within Szprotawa Forest District.
„Dolina Szprotawki" " (Szprotawka Valley) – its entire area amounts to 5570 ha, including over 608 ha within Szprotawa Forest District and includes two communes – Niegosławice and Szprotawa.
„Bory Dolnośląskie" (Lower Silesian Wilderness) – the park covers the area of 26 223 ha, including 238 ha within Szprotawa Forest District. The park includes two communes – Żagań and Małomice, Śliwnik Forest Range, western part of Leszno Górne Forest Range, Małomice Forest Range, southern part of Stara Kopernia Forest Range and western part of Witków Forest Range. Lower Silesian Wilderness is located between Żarskie Hills and Dalkowskie Hills in the north and Izerskie Foothills in the south. The area is adjacent to Szprotawska Plain, Lubińska High Plain, Legnicka Plain and Chojnowska Plain in the east.
Forests of our Forest District
Forests of our Forest District
Szprotawa Forest District Inspectorate includes two Sub-districts – Szprotawa and Małomice – and manages a total area of over 19 000 ha. Its share of forested areas is only 28.2% making it the lowest ratio in the entire Regional Directorate of the State Forests in Zielona Góra. Forests managed by the Inspectorate include forests maintained for industrial purposes, protected forests and reserves.
Landscape of the Forest District is very heterogeneous.The area of Szprotawa Sub-district and the southern part of Małomice Sub-district is quite monochromatic, whereas the northern part of Małomice Sub-district is known for its undulating landscape (end moraine) at places turning into hills.
The Forest District is located within the area of Middle Polish Glaciation, in Mazovia-Podlasie Stadial.It is dominated by geological deposits originating from the Tertiary and the Quaternary, such as:fluvioglacial sands and gravels, river sands and gravels and boulder clay and sand.
Types of forest habitats
Forest habitats of the Forest District consist mainly of mixed and coniferous forests, with a small share of riparian forests and alder forests.Pine is the most common tree and the entire forest ecosystem consists in 60% of this species.The second most common species is Oak followed by Alder.
Plants and animals
Forests of Szprotawa Forest District are home to a variety of plant and animal species, including those under strict and partial protection.There are over 20 protected plant and lichen species in the District, including:Common Cottongrass, Common Toothwort, Marsh Gentian, Purple Foxglove, Yellow Iris, Stiff Clubmoss or Usnea Filipendula.
Mammal species includeWild Boar, Roe Deer, Deer, Fox, Raccoon Dog, Badger, Marten and Hare.Forests of Szprotawa Forest District are also inhabited by rare invertebrate species, including 9 species included on the Polish Red List of Animals.The species are:Medicinal Leech, Great Capricorn Beetle and Lucanus Cervus.
Apart from the protected invertebrate species there is a large number of amphibian and reptile species.The most interesting species includeViviparous Lizard, Smooth Snake and European Tree Frog.
Birds inhabiting the district also include many rare and endangered species:Black Stork, Whooper Swan, Wood Sandpiper, Eurasian Pygmy Owl, Boreal Owl and the pride of the District – White-tailed Eagle.